Thank you for sae j Product Details Company Profile. Therefore, the results are valid only for the fire test exposure conditions described in this procedure. Toys Test Lab Planning and Establish.
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Such pressure vessels may be fired or unfired. Specific requirements apply to several classes of material used in pressure vessel construction, and also to fabrication methods such as welding, forging and brazing. It also covers rules relating to the qualification and requalification of welders, brazers, and welding, brazing and fusing machine operators in order that they may perform welding, brazing, or plastic fusing as required by other BPVC Sections in the manufacture of components.
ASME B The various mechanical tests herein described are used to determine properties required in the product specifications. Variations in testing methods are to be avoided, and standard methods of testing are to be followed to obtain reproducible and comparable results.
In those cases in which the testing requirements for certain products are unique or at variance with these general procedures, the product specification testing requirements shall control. ASTM A — Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Chain This specification covers carbon steel chain for such applications as railroad cars, construction, industrial uses, load binding, and general purposes other than overhead lifting.
The material may be steel, brass, or bronze. Although these chains are not intended for pocket wheel use, they can be used for pocket and sprocket wheel use. This chain shall never be used for overhead lifting applications.
Suitable apparatus which may be used is described in Appendix X1. This specification covers wire of diameter from 0. ASTM B — Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products These test methods cover the tension testing of wrought and cast aluminum- and magnesium-alloy products, excepting aluminum foil , and are derived from Test Methods E8, which cover the tension testing of all metallic materials.
Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces such as balsa wood and foams as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces such as honeycomb. ASTM C — Standard Test Method for Core Shear Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Beam Flexure This test method covers determination of the core shear properties of flat sandwich constructions subjected to flexure in such a manner that the applied moments produce curvature of the sandwich facing planes.
ASTM D — Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension These test methods cover procedures used to evaluate the tensile tension properties of vulcanized thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers. ASTM D — Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Flexible Substrate These test methods cover the determination of the adhesion strength between plies of fabric bonded with rubber or the adhesion of the rubber layer in articles made from rubber attached to other material.
They are applicable only when the adhered surfaces are approximately plane or uniformly circular as in belting, hose, tire carcasses, or rubber-covered sheet metal. The visual examples which depict the percentage of rusting given in the written specifications form part of the standard.
In the event of a dispute, the written definition prevails. The photographs can be used to estimate the percentage of other coating defects on various substrates. This standard does not include evaluation of rust propagation around an initially prepared scribe, score, or holiday.
ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics This test method covers the determination of the tensile properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics in the form of standard dumbbell-shaped test specimens when tested under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, humidity, and testing machine speed. ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints This test method employs photographic reference standards to evaluate the degree of blistering that may develop when paint systems are subjected to conditions which will cause blistering.
While primarily intended for use on metal and other nonporous surfaces, this test method may be used to evaluate blisters on porous surfaces, such as wood, if the size of blisters falls within the scope of these reference standards. When the reference standards are used as a specification of performance, the permissible degree of blistering of the paint system shall be agreed upon by the purchaser and the seller.
ASTM D — Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials These test methods cover the determination of flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics, including high-modulus composites and electrical insulating materials in the form of rectangular bars molded directly or cut from sheets, plates, or molded shapes.
These test methods are generally applicable to both rigid and semirigid materials. However, flexural strength cannot be determined for those materials that do not break or that do not fail in the outer surface of the test specimen within the 5.
These test methods utilize a three-point loading system applied to a simply supported beam. A four-point loading system method can be found in Test Method D ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Peel or Stripping Strength of Adhesive Bonds This test method covers the determination of the comparative peel or stripping characteristics of adhesive bonds when tested on standard-sized specimens and under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, and testing machine speed.
ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments This test method covers the treatment of previously painted or coated specimens for accelerated and atmospheric exposure tests and their subsequent evaluation in respect to corrosion, blistering associated with corrosion, loss of adhesion at a scribe mark, or other film failure.
The procedure for determining indentation hardness of substances classified as thermoplastic elastomers, vulcanized thermoset rubber, elastomeric materials, cellular materials, gel-like materials, and some plastics is also described.
The specimen is a short beam machined from a curved or a flat laminate up to 6. The beam is loaded in three-point bending. This practice also covers the preparation of test specimens, the test conditions best suited for plastics, and the evaluation of test results. The composite material forms are limited to continuous fiber or discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites in which the laminate is balanced and symmetric with respect to the test direction.
The test method is useful for generating comparative shear strength data for joints made from a number of plastics. It can also provide a means by which several plastic surface treatments can be compared. It can also provide a means by which several plastics surface treatments can be compared. ASTM D — Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test These test methods cover procedures for assessing the adhesion of coating films to metallic substrates by applying and removing pressure-sensitive tape over cuts made in the film.
ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test This test method covers a procedure for rapid, inexpensive determination of the film hardness of an organic coating on a substrate in terms of drawing leads or pencil leads of known hardness.
ASTM D — Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Indoor Applications This practice covers specific procedures and test conditions that are applicable for exposure of plastics in window glass-filtered xenon-arc devices in accordance with Practices G and G for evaluating the stability of plastics intended for use in indoor applications.
ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics This test method covers the determination of the resistance of plastics to breakage by flexural shock, as indicated by the energy extracted from standardized pendulum-type hammers, mounted in standardized machines, in breaking standard specimens with one pendulum swing. The result of this test method is reported as energy absorbed per unit of specimen width.
The method is applicable to random and fiber oriented FRP. ASTM D — Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials by Four-Point Bending This test method covers the determination of flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics, including high-modulus composites and electrical insulating materials in the form of rectangular bars molded directly or cut from sheets, plates, or molded shapes.
These test methods are generally applicable to rigid and semirigid materials. However, flexural strength cannot be determined for those materials that do not break or that do not fail in the outer fibers. This test method utilizes a four point loading system applied to a simply supported beam. This test method is applicable to general composites that are balanced and symmetric. The specimen may be untabbed Procedure A or tabbed Procedure B , as required.
One requirement for a successful test is that the specimen ends do not crush during the test. Materials of higher orthotropy, including unidirectional composites, typically require tabs. This practice also covers the preparation of test specimens, the test conditions suited for coatings, and the evaluation of test results. When loaded in tension, the rails introduce shear forces into the specimen through the specimen faces.
Face loading allows higher shear forces to be applied to the specimen, if required. In both test methods, the use of a V-notched specimen increases the gage section shear stresses in relation to the shear stresses in the vicinity of the grips, thus localizing the failure within the gage section while causing the shear stress distribution to be more uniform than in a specimen without notches. ASTM D — Standard Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals This practice describes the nondestructive measurement of the dry film thickness of nonmagnetic coatings applied to the surface of ferrous metals using magnetic gages and the nondestructive measurement of the dry film thickness of electrically nonconductive, nonmagnetic coatings applied to the surface of nonferrous metals using eddy current gages.
It includes definitions of key terms, reference documents, the significance and use of the practice, the advantages and limitations of coating thickness gages, and a description of test specimens.
It describes the methods and recommended frequency for verifying the accuracy of gages and for adjusting optimizing the equipment, describes a frequency for measuring the thickness of the coating s and lists the reporting recommendations. ASTM E8 — Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials These test methods cover the tension testing of metallic materials in any form at room temperature, specifically, the methods of determination of yield strength, yield point elongation, tensile strength, elongation, and reduction of area.
This standard provides the requirements for a Brinell testing machine and the procedures for performing Brinell hardness tests. This standard provides the requirements for Rockwell hardness machines and the procedures for performing Rockwell hardness tests. They give the requirements for: test specimens, test procedures, test reports, test machines see Annex A1 verifying Charpy impact machines see Annex A2 , optional test specimen configurations see Annex A3 , precracking Charpy V-notch specimens see Annex A4 , designation of test specimen orientation see Annex A5 , and determining the percent of shear fracture on the surface of broken impact specimens see Annex A6.
In addition, information is provided on the significance of notched-bar impact testing see Appendix X2 , methods of measuring the center of strike see Appendix X2. ASTM F — Standard Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets These test methods cover establishment of procedures for conducting tests to determine the mechanical properties of externally and internally threaded fasteners, washers, direct tension indicators, and rivets.
ASTM G — Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials This practice covers the basic principles and operating procedures for using xenon arc light and water apparatus intended to reproduce the weathering effects that occur when materials are exposed to sunlight either direct or through window glass and moisture as rain or dew in actual use.
AWS D1. AWS D Canadian Standards Association CSA CSA G12 — Zinc-coated steel wire strand This Standard describes zinc-coated steel wire strand suitable for use as guys, suspension strand, span wires, and overhead ground wire strand.
Overhead ground wire strand for electric power transmission is produced free of wire joints. Included are requirements for Grades , , , and , , , and Construction features include strands containing 7, 19, or more than 19 wires. CSA G The designation R is used for specifying, ordering, and communication only and is not rolled onto the bar. The designation W is rolled onto the bar see Clauses 5 and The two types are distinguished by their chemical composition requirements see Clause 7.
The bars can be in cut lengths or coils. Plain bars Type R only are also included in this Standard. Tables 11 a to h of CSA G CSA W Notes: 1 Certification may be mandatory or voluntary. CSA W — Welding of Reinforcing Bars in Reinforced Concrete Construction This Standard applies to: a the design, fabrication, and inspection of welded connections utilizing deformed reinforcing bars and to the certification of companies involved in such work; b welding of deformed reinforcing bars except for pre- stressing steel or for bar or rod mats for which the welding is covered by the manufacturing specification either directly to each other or through splice members; and, c welding of deformed reinforcing bars to structural steel members used as anchorages in precast or cast-in-place concrete construction either in the fabricating shop or in the field.
The purpose of this standard is to minimize the likelihood of occupants being thrown from the bus and to provide a means of readily accessible emergency egress.
FMVSS — Flammability of Interior Materials This standard specifies burn resistance requirements for materials used in the occupant compartments of motor vehicles. Its purpose is to reduce deaths and injuries to motor vehicle occupants caused by vehicle fires, especially those originating in the interior of the vehicle from sources such as matches or cigarettes.
It also describes and recommends procedures for determining irradiance and radiant exposure. ISO EN DIN — Paints and Varnishes — Artificial weathering and exposure to artificial radiation- Exposure to filtered xenon-arc radiation This standard specifies a procedure for exposing paint coatings to artificial weathering in xenon-arc lamp apparatus, including the action of liquid water and water vapour.
The effects of this weathering are evaluated separately by comparative determination of selected parameters before, during and after weathering.
This standard does not address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Purpose This test method is intended for burning rate measurement of polymeric materials used in the operator and passenger compartments as specified by the applicable standard.
It does not apply to headed, collared, or similar products which are more closely characterized by requirements shown herein for bolts. These properties are valid within a temperature range which depends upon the material grade used and thermal and mechanical processing.
Other properties such as fatigue behavior, corrosion resistance, impact properties, etc. This includes such types as utility, boat, camping, travel, and special purpose trailers which are normally towed by conventional passenger cars, light-duty commercial vehicles, light trucks, and multipurpose passenger vehicles.
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