Section 64 - Regulation of the erection of buildings Section 65 - Power of Government to prohibit and regulate the erection of buildings in certain areas without permission Section 66 - Permission for the construction of factories and the installation of machinery Section 67 - Prohibition of offensive or dangerous trades without licence Section 68 - Control of hotels etc. Section 69 - Licensing of shops Section 70 - Provisions applicable to permissions and licences under sections 66, 67, 68 and 69 Section 71 - Transfer of institutions or works to Grama Panchayats Section 72 - Obstructions and encroachments upon public streets and open sites Section 73 - Power to name streets and number buildings Section 74 - Removal of structures, trees etc. Section 77 - Power for providing adequate water supply Section 78 - Power of Grama Panchayat to make bye-laws regarding provision of water supply Section 79 - Appointment of Joint Committees Section 80 - Power of entry Section 81 - Filthy buildings etc. Section 82 - Powers and duties in regard to sources of water supply Section 83 - Remedy for non-compliance with directions issued Section 84 - Power to set apart public springs etc. Section 91 - Articles exposed to infection Section 92 - Registration of burial and burning grounds Section 93 - Licensing of places for disposal of the dead Section 94 - A book to be kept of places registered, licensed, or provided Section 95 - Prohibition against burying or burning, in unauthorised places Section 96 - Notice of burials, etc.
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This long standing system of local governance is also known as Panchayat Raj which means rule of village committee.
Panchayat Raj ensures proper execution of rural development programmes. It encourages participation of general people in the development programmes. It has elected bodies at each level. All the three units of the Panchayat Raj have members directly elected by the people.
The government does not have any provision to nominate representatives to any of these institutions. Karnataka enacted the new Panchayat Raj Act incorporating all the mandatory provisions of 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution.
The objectives of the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act, are: Establish a three-tier structure for panchayat system at village, sub-district and district levels Elect members to the three tiers through direct election at all levels Elect Chairpersons and Vice Chairpersons through indirect elections Reserve seats for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and women at all the three levels Conduct elections to all the three levels under the State Election Commission Empower State Finance Commission to determine the sharing of funds between the State Government and the Panchayat Raj bodies Maintain accounts and conduct audits at all the three tiers of the panchayat system There has been several amendments to the Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act, since its inception.
It has jurisdiction over a group of villages. Gram panchayat represents an assembly of the village elders who are directly elected by the citizens of the village. This panchayat unit is headed by a chairperson who is known as Sarpanch. The representatives of the Gram Panchayats are elected for five years. While the members are directly elected from wards, the Sarpanch is elected by the members.
There are seats reserved for women, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in Gram Panchayats. The Taluk Panchayat is constituted for each taluk. The representatives of the Taluk Panchayat Samiti are directly elected by the residents of the non-urban areas of the taluk. The president and the vice-president of the Taluk Panchayat Samiti are elected from among members.
The tenure of Taluk Panchayat members is five years. The Taluk Panchayat has provision for reservation of seats for scheduled castes on the basis of their population. Two seats are reserved for women in the Taluk Panchayat Samiti. Functions of Taluk Panchayat The Taluk Panchayat has to perform the following functions: Construct and expand water supply works to get at least forty litres per capita per day File reports of Gram Panchayat activities within the taluk regarding : Meeting of Gram Sabha Progress of water supply works Construction of community latrines Collection and revision of rates, taxes and fees Payment of electricity bills Enrolment of children in schools Progress of immunisation Maintain primary school buildings and provide sanction for sufficient class rooms and water supply in schools Obtain land to create manure pits away from the village dwelling area Zilla Panchayat The Zilla Panchayat is the apex level of Panchayat Raj in Karnataka.
The Zilla Panchayat is constituted for each district of the state. It has jurisdiction over the entire district except those portions that are included in smaller urban areas or are under the authority of Municipal Corporations, Town Panchayat or Industrial Township. Members of the Zila Parishad are elected from the district. The representatives of the Zilla Panchayats are elected for a tenure of five years.
Every Zilla Panchayat has seats reserved for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, backward classes and women. Functions of Zilla Panchayat The Zilla Panchayat has to perform the following functions: Establish health centres and maternity centres as per the government rules Construct underground structures for water recharge to make water available in the drinking water wells Prevent drilling of irrigation bore wells near drinking water wells to ensure adequate drinking water Create a plan for social forestry development in each taluk Also see,.
Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act 1993 Download
Karnataka Panchayat Raj