GASTON BACHELARD PSYCHOANALYSIS OF FIRE PDF

This essay was part of an effort that reconnected research on pre-Socratic philosophy with the question of the fundamental constituents of the world, the "elements. He also attempted to circumscribe existence with a profound imagination imbued with poetic experience that transcends the individual imagination of the subject. For Bachelard the phenomenon of fire is situated at this crossroads of science and poetry. In his preface, he writes, "I am going to examine a problem in which objectivity has never held sway, where the initial seduction is so compelling that it deforms the most rational minds and leads them to the cradle of poetry, where daydreams replace thought, where poems hide theorems. This is the psychological problem presented by our convictions about fire.

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This essay was part of an effort that reconnected research on pre-Socratic philosophy with the question of the fundamental constituents of the world, the "elements. He also attempted to circumscribe existence with a profound imagination imbued with poetic experience that transcends the individual imagination of the subject. For Bachelard the phenomenon of fire is situated at this crossroads of science and poetry.

In his preface, he writes, "I am going to examine a problem in which objectivity has never held sway, where the initial seduction is so compelling that it deforms the most rational minds and leads them to the cradle of poetry, where daydreams replace thought, where poems hide theorems. This is the psychological problem presented by our convictions about fire. Fire and Respect: The Prometheus Complex; 2. Fire and Reverie: The Empedocles Complex; 3. Psychoanalysis and Prehistory: The Novalis Complex; 4.

Sexualized Fire; 5. Alcohol and Water that Flames. Punch: The Hoffmann Complex. Spontaneous Combustions; 7. Idealized Fire: Fire and Purity. The two chapters that most directly concern psychoanalysis are obviously chapters three and four. It is interesting that Bachelard, who here attempts an anthropological study of the birth of fire in human history and an approach to the libidinal components represented by fire, quotes Carl Jung on several occasions but never Sigmund Freud.

We also know that in , in Civilization and Its Discontents a [] , Freud discussed his famous hypothesis on the origins of the mastery of fire associated with a rejection of the impulse to urinate on the flame to extinguish it: "It is as though primal man had the habit, when he came in contact with fire, of satisfying an infantile desire connected with it, by putting it out with a stream of his urine.

The first person to renounce this desire and spare the fire was able to carry it off with him and subdue it to his own use" He also wrote an entire article on this, "The Acquisition and Control of Fire" a [] , in which he provides a brilliant analysis of the myth of Prometheus.

Bernard Golse See also: Applied psychoanalysis and the interactions of psychoanalysis; Bachelard, Gaston. Source Citation Bachelard, Gaston. The psychoanalysis of fire. Alan C. Ross, Trans. Boston: Beacon Press []. Bibliography Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and its discontents. SE, The acquisition and control of fire.

International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis.

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Psychoanalysis of Fire

He was a professor at the University of Dijon from to and then was appointed chair in the history and philosophy of science at the University of Paris. In the English-speaking world, the connection Bachelard made between psychology and the history of science has been little understood. One task of epistemology is to make clear the mental patterns at use in science, in order to help scientists overcome the obstacles to knowledge. Through his concept of "epistemological break", Bachelard underlined the discontinuity at work in the history of sciences. However the term "epistemological break" itself is almost never used by Bachelard, but became famous through Louis Althusser. He showed that new theories integrated old theories in new paradigms , changing the sense of concepts for instance, the concept of mass , used by Newton and Einstein in two different senses.

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