ESEU HARAP ALB PDF

Ipoteza Opera literara apartine genului epic, iar ca specie literara este un basm cult. Teorie Basmul este specia literara a genului epic in proza foarte rar in versuri , in care tema este confruntarea dintre bine si rau, actiunea este fabuloasa, personajele sunt reale cu puteri supranaturale sau fantastice, finalul aducand victoria binelui asupra raului. Ca si caracteristici, basmul cult are un autor cunoscut, iar el se transmite cu ajutorul tiparirii. Ca si particularitati ale basmului avem in vedere urmatoarele : este folosit timpul mitic in care faptele au caracter de repetabilitate.

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The arap or harap are a stereotypical race in the folklore of the Balkans , from Turkey in the south to modern Romania in the north, often, but not always, portrayed in a negative light. The kingdom and the Empire are on the "margins" of the earth, separated by desolate lands.

The eldest prince makes a terrified return home. The monarch plays the same trick on his second son, with the same result. Without revealing his ruse, the king expresses his disappointment, which prompts the youngest to burst into tears and run out to the palace garden.

There, an old woman beggar tells his fortune : the youngest prince shall become a glorious emperor. She then vanishes into the skies. The horse can be identified by the piece of wisdom given him by the old woman: the right horse will be the only one in the stable which will approach a tray of full embers at feeding. The horse gives three shakes and transforms into a beautiful steed. The horse can talk with his new master, and carry him leaping to the clouds and the Moon. The prince goes to the bridge and endures the bear ruse, and the king gives him the bearskin as trophy.

As parting words, the father tells him to beware "of the red man, and especially of the bald one". By deception the creature tricks the prince into the bottom of a well, and would only let him out by submitting to his condition [b] that the two must now exchange roles. Bear and stag quests Harap-Alb is soon sent on his first dangerous quest.

Following her directions, Harap Alb hides in a deep pit and ambushes the stag, cutting of its head in one stroke, then returns to the hole waiting until the head to completely die. The Bald Man jealously tries to credit the feats to himself for training his servant with his stern ways. While the monarch is credulous, his daughter and her sisters grow even more skeptical, and decide to investigate further. They ask Harap Alb to set the table for the banquet, but the Bald Man makes the servant swear not to engage in conversation with the ladies.

Some guests claim that the latter is a malevolent witch, and some still that she is the bird itself, on a mission to propagate fear. He happens upon a wedding procession of ants on the bridge, and rather than to trample on them, decides to for the deep-watered river. A grateful winged ant gives him its wings, telling him to burn these in his need, and the entire colony will come to his aid. The prince has a similar encounter, this time with swarming bees.

He deposits his hat for the swarm to rest, then later carries them to a new hive he made by hollowing out a log. In gratitude the queen bee presents him with a wing with which to summon her in his moment of seeking help. Companions Harap Alb continues the journey, and gains five companions. Initially the gathering produces one disaster after another: burned down forests, depleted soil, drainage of water, exposure of secrets, and bird-killing. Harap Alb alone "did not cause any disruption".

The Red Emperor tries to eliminate them by lodging them in acopper house, and ordering it heate to an oven-like temperature. The monarch then tells the heroes that, if they want his daughter, they are to guard and follow for another night, letting them know that he does not know her ways.

The Red Emperor gives his final test: Harap Alb must distinguish the real daughter from his adoptive daughter, who is her exact double. This the protagonist accomplishes with assistance from the queen bee which identifies the real princess and alights on her cheek. A final challenge is presented by the girl herself, as a race between her turtle dove and his horse, to go to the place "from where the mountains bump head to head into each other", and obtain three twigs of its apple tree, three measures of the water of life and three measures of the dead water.

Although slower, the horse forces the returning bird to hand him the items, and is first to return. The princess accepts the result as her destiny, and now willingly accompanies Harap Alb. Harap Alb falls in love with his hostage, and is downcast at the prospect of having to surrender her to the Bald Man.

The stallion snatches the Bald Man with its teeth, flies high up into the skies, and drops him to the ground. Style and symbolism[ edit ] Generic traits[ edit ] Owing to its sampling of intricate narrative traditions and its use of symbols, "Harap Alb" has been a traditional target of critical interest, and has produced various interpretations.

This, he believes, is structured around three narrative solutions, the first of which is a "perturbing situation"—here, the "extremely difficult journey" undertaken by the boy prince.

He thus compares the Bald Man and other hairless antagonists in Romanian folklore with negative images of the raiding Tatars , who, in contrast to their Romanian adversaries, customarily shaved their skulls. The adjective designating him evidences a folkloric tradition which associates a range of negative or malignant features with the color red.

He is, according to Constantinescu, "good, charitable, welcoming", "a perfect host" and "a sage who, with responsibility and serenity, foresees the proper order of things". It also touched other areas of local culture , beginning in the interwar period , when composer Alfred Mendelsohn turned it into a ballet.

Partly replicating official Marxist-Leninist interpretations in the latter region, literary historian Vasile Coroban described Harap Alb the character as an exponent of class struggle , seeing his victory over the Red Emperor as premonitory for "the fall of the bourgeois -landowning regime". At that moment in time, a people should have an extraordinary chance in finding a living Harap Alb". He evidences the manner in which the protagonist and his fellowship cooperate, and choosing "Harap Alb" as "one of the best metaphors" for interdisciplinarity , notes: "while each participant played his role at the right time, the awareness of the mission belonged always to the hero".

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Avangarda - eseu Modernismul romanesc in faza lui acuta , extremista , sau avangardismul cum s-a obisnuit sa-l denumeasca istoria literara , nu este un curent uniform , omogen , ci o mixtura de curente , orientari si tendinte. Dintre acestea , ar putea fi mentionate cateva mai importante : dadaismul , suprarealismul , constructivismul , ermetismul , etc. In primul vers al poeziei poetul exprima intr-un mod plastic ideea de scris organic, imaginea inedita a unghiei care scrie. Biblioteca mea - eseu Luam putin din cer si putin din floare, putin din cuget si putin din chin, putin din credinta si putin din necredinta, si umplem cuvintele cu maduve dulci. Sigur, inaintea scrierii si a scrierilor de carti a fost cuvintul. De-as fi cea mai mare regina pe pamint , de-as avea palate si gradini, mese si vinuri, masini , haine scumpe si sute de servitori, dar cu conditia sa nu am niciodata carti de citit , n-as vrea sa fiu regina, careia sa nu-i placa sa citeasca. Mai am pe o polita mica de tot si ceva literatura crestina.

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