BURUSHASKI LANGUAGE PDF

It is estimated to have some 90, speakers. Burushaski is a linguistic isolate, a language whose genetic relationship to other languages is not yet clear. In this respect it is like Basque , a language spoken in the western Pyrenees of Spain and France. These can be broadly distinguished as male humans; female humans; animals undifferentiated by sex plus inanimate objects that are quantifiable; and abstract items and objects. In terms of number, Burushaski inflection includes plural suffixes for nouns, adjectives, and demonstrative pronouns; third-person endings for verbs, which also vary according to gender; a class of pronominal prefixes; and ergative constructions in which the transitive verb shows agreement with its object rather than its subject.

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It is estimated to have some 90, speakers. Burushaski is a linguistic isolate, a language whose genetic relationship to other languages is not yet clear. In this respect it is like Basque , a language spoken in the western Pyrenees of Spain and France. These can be broadly distinguished as male humans; female humans; animals undifferentiated by sex plus inanimate objects that are quantifiable; and abstract items and objects.

In terms of number, Burushaski inflection includes plural suffixes for nouns, adjectives, and demonstrative pronouns; third-person endings for verbs, which also vary according to gender; a class of pronominal prefixes; and ergative constructions in which the transitive verb shows agreement with its object rather than its subject. Numbers up to 1, are based on multiples of 20 and The language has no standard writing system, though a modified Perso-Arabic system has been used since the s.

There is no written literary tradition, but a number of oral traditions have been collected. Burushaski continues to be a language of self-identification among its speakers. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

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Burushaski, the language that survived

Burushaski language Languages in India Consider this: Out of a population of around But the language is spoken by around , people in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys of Gilgit-Baltistan, claimed by Pakistan as its fifth province. In Kashmir, the speakers of Burushaski are said to be the descendants of a tribal king from northern Pakistan, and are mostly concentrated in a locality at the foothills of Hari Parbat, Srinagar. Munshi started her documentation work on Burushaski in Srinagar in

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Burushaski

In any case, it does not occur in the Yasin dialect, and in Hunza and Nager it does not occur at the beginning of words. Grammar[ edit ] Burushaski is a double-marking language and word order is generally subject—object—verb. Nouns in Burushaski are divided into four genders : human masculine, human feminine, countable objects, and uncountable ones similar to mass nouns. The assignment of a noun to a particular gender is largely predictable. Some words can belong both to the countable and to the uncountable class, producing differences in meaning.

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