Dirn The radical opposition to traditional popular art was a deliberate process, achieved through an intentional break with the rules of communication between the artist and the viewer previously in force, the rejection of past canons of art and a departure from realist and naturalist presentation. Secondly, the aesthetic object that was its creation had the capacity to deform true reality. Contemporary art was supposed to create new entities, aesthetic objects that lived in the objective space of the artistic world, which differed from physical and psychological reality. In order to understand a reality we must understand, as Dilthey pointed out, its history. The summary of the views of Gadamer and Ortega y Gasset we have offered here is further evidence of the unlimited orteg for the interpretation of contemporary phenomena in art.
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Moogujind Philosopher of European Unity. This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat Civitas 5 5 Wikiquote has quotations related to: This entry has no external links. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. To accomplish such tasks, the philosopher must—as Husserl proposed—leave behind prejudices and previously existing beliefs, and investigate the essential reality of the universe.
In this book he defends the values of meritocratic liberalism reminiscent of John Stuart Mill against attacks from both communists and right-wing populists. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Monthly downloads Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
The first, inis by a translator who wanted to remain anonymous,  generally accepted to be J. In he became a contributor to the newspaper El Solwhere he published, as a series of essays, his two principal works: This circunstancia is oppressive; therefore, there gunt a continual dialectical interaction between the person and his or her circumstances and, as a result, life is a drama that exists between necessity and freedom.
This article has no associated abstract. This stood at the root of his Kantian -inspired perspectivism which he developed by adding a non-relativistic character in which absolute truth agsset exist and would be obtained by the sum of all perspectives of all lives, since for each human being life takes a concrete form and tasset itself is a true radical reality from which any philosophical system must derive. Ortega y Gasset, an Outline of His Philosophy. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
This list attempts to list works in chronological order by when they were written, rather than when they were published. Schools History of liberalism Contributions to liberal theory. For Ortega y Gasset, philosophy has a critical duty gassrt lay siege to beliefs in order to promote new ideas and to explain reality. Fate gives us an inexorable repertory of determinate possibilities, that is, it gives us different destinies.
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Moogujind Philosopher of European Unity. This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat Civitas 5 5 Wikiquote has quotations related to: This entry has no external links. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. To accomplish such tasks, the philosopher must—as Husserl proposed—leave behind prejudices and previously existing beliefs, and investigate the essential reality of the universe. In this book he defends the values of meritocratic liberalism reminiscent of John Stuart Mill against attacks from both communists and right-wing populists.
José Ortega y Gasset
This promotion of democracy, capitalism, This is a remarkable extended essay by Ortega, who cast his discerning eye upon Europe in in an effort to assess a continent that, it was claimed, was transitioning into a decline from its prior global preeminence. This promotion of democracy, capitalism, and science had risen the historic level of Western European society to a domineering height; yet the resultant modernized civilization it created was a state of affairs taken for granted by the mass-man, the coarse majority who passed their days oblivious of their obligation to society even as they demanded of it every right, who reveled in low-culture and the selfish pursuit of pleasure whilst scorning any who attempted to stand out from the crowd through excellence in thought, duty, or deed. Ortega took pains to make clear that mass-man was not a construct of class or money, but crossed all spectrums of society; he existed wherever the base was favored over the noble, the easy over the difficult, sufficient unto himself in his cultural barbarity and lacking any desire since perceiving no need for betterment. Without respect for the minorities who formerly guided the great European nations to their advanced achievements, the masses were languishing in countries rudderless and without purpose, while communism and fascism threatened to destroy all that democracy had achieved, if for no other reason than the two systems offered a purpose to capture the apathetic attention of the beleaguered Western countries. In addition to his rumination on the ascendency of the ignoble mass-man Ortega included an extended examination of the creation, and sustaining memes, of the nation state; the rise and fall of the historic level throughout the ages; the perils of compartmentalizing occupations and straitening minds under the rigorous, isolating guise of specialism, a necessary precursor for the ignorance of the masses; and offered an earlier version of the European Union as a project worthy of the cramped genius of the Western European nations and a means to energize the selfish majorities and provoke them into a concerted effort to ensure the continuance of the vitally important modern European culture. Although the mass-man he outlined was a European entity, his existence has continued on through today, as can be determined by a short examination of any community, or fifteen minutes of television.