I have a very soft corner in my heart for Bodhidharma. That makes it a very special occasion to speak about him. Perhaps he is the only man whom I have loved so deeply that speaking on him I will be almost speaking on myself. That also creates a great complexity, because he never wrote anything in his life.
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Neither the majority of monastics nor lay people are formally tied to a given "school" of Buddhist practice, which is different from the situation in Japan. This has been the norm for the past years, since the Song Dynasty. Hsing Yun. Japan[ edit ] There is no standard official title for "Zen Master" across the various Zen traditions in Japan. Various titles may be used: " Shike " is used for a select group of people, both in Rinzai and Soto, who are qualified to supervise the training of priests-to-be in the sodos, the training halls.
According to the regulations, Zen students should be supervised only by a teacher who has attained supervisory certification i. Anyone who is authorized by another roshi i. The transmission is totally vertical from teacher to student, no peer control is involved. That means that the Rinzai sect has no means to control who is made a roshi and who is not.
In spite of that, the number of Rinzai roshis is relatively low, maybe around 50 or so. In Rinzai tradition a master gives a calligraphy of Inka-certificate to disciple as a proof of authorization. Needless to say authorization must be backed up by the fact that the disciple spent many years in zen training under the master earnestly and continuously. The shike They appoint and dismiss the priests, and appoint the titles in the ranking system.
It is considered respectful to refer to senior monks or nuns in Korea as Kun sunim, and this polite way of expressing the title can also denote some sort of realization on the part of the individual being addressed.
In most Korean temples, a middle-aged monk assumes the role of a juji sunim, who serves administrative functions. The eldest sunim is typically seen as a symbolic leader of the younger sunims.
Both are considered equal in authority and "realization". Western culture[ edit ] "Zen master" has been used to refer to individuals hailing from any number of countries and traditions. It is not an exact translation of any title from the countries from which Zen traditions emanate, where titles vary widely, even in different traditions from the same country.
Its usage has diminished among contemporary American Zen teachers and practitioners. The term has entered popular culture and has been used to refer to any number of public figures in sports and entertainment, denoting a person who demonstrates detachment and control in stressful situations.
It was sometimes adopted by figures in the spiritual counterculture of the s and s who had little or no actual Zen training " Zen Master Rama ," " Osho ", presumably to generate positive associations or legitimacy.
Mind is the greatest enemy of man
That makes it a very special occasion to speak about him. Perhaps he is the only man whom I have loved so deeply that speaking on him I will be almost speaking on myself. That also creates a great complexity, because he never wrote anything in his life. No enlightened being has ever written.
Four Sacred Verses of Bodhidharma T Translated by D. Translated by Piya Tan Separate transmission outside the teachings mind to mind transmission , not posit the letters, penetrate the self-nature and attain the Buddhahood. Without moving, without effort, they enter, we say, by reason.