In spite of myself, I was conscious of a feeling of envy for those who did not suffer from such troubles, for the wealthy and the privileged; and this envy, I observed, was accompanied—still against my will—by a feeling of bitterness towards them, which, in turn, did not limit its aim to particular persons or situations, but, as if by an uncontrollable bias, tended to assume the general, abstract character of a whole conception of life. In fact, during those difficult days, I came very gradually to feel that my irritation and my intolerance of poverty were turning into a revolt against injustice, and not only against the injustice which struck at me personally but the injustice from which so many others like me suffered. I was quite aware of this almost imperceptible transformation of my subjective resentments into objective reflections and states of mind, owing to the bent of my thoughts which led always and irresistibly in the same direction: owing also to my conversation, which, without my intending it, alway harped upon the same subject. I also noticed in myself a growing sympathy for those political parties which proclaimed their struggle against the evils and infamies of the society to which, in the end I had attributed the troubles that beset me—a society which, as I thought, in reference to myself, allowed its best sons to languish and protected its worst ones. Usually, and in the simpler, less cultivated people, this process occurs without their knowing it, in the dark depths of consciousness where, by a kind of mysterious alchemy, egoism is transmuted into altruism, hatred into love, fear into courage; but to me, accustomed as I was to observing and studying myself, the whole thing was clear and visible, as though I were watching it happen in someone else; and yet I was aware the whole time that I was being swayed by material subjective factors, that I was transforming purely personal motives into universal reasons.
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Early years[ edit ] Alberto Pincherle the pen-name "Moravia" was the maiden surname of his paternal grandmother was born in Via Sgambati in Rome, Italy, to a wealthy middle-class family.
His Jewish Venetian father, Carlo, was an architect and a painter. His family had interesting twists and developed a complex cultural and political character. He learned French and German and wrote poems in French and Italian. In at the age of 18, he left the sanatorium and moved to Bressanone. During the next three years, partly in Bressanone and partly in Rome, he began to write his first novel, Gli indifferenti Time of Indifference , published in The novel is a realistic analysis of the moral decadence of a middle-class mother and two of her children.
In , Moravia met Corrado Alvaro and Massimo Bontempelli and started his career as a journalist with the magazine Gli indifferenti and Fascist ostracism[ edit ] Moravia and Elsa Morante, Capri, s Gli indifferenti was published at his own expense, costing 5, Italian lira. Literary critics described the novel as a noteworthy example of contemporary Italian narrative fiction. In , together with Mario Pannunzio, he founded the literary review magazines Caratteri Characters and Oggi Today and started writing for the newspaper Gazzetta del Popolo.
The years leading to World War II were difficult for Moravia as an author; the Fascist regime prohibited reviews of Le ambizioni sbagliate , seized his novel La mascherata Masquerade, and banned Agostino Two Adolescents, In he traveled to the United States to give a lecture series on Italian literature.
To avoid Fascist censorship, Moravia wrote mainly in the surrealist and allegoric styles; among the works is Il sogno del pigro The Dream of the Lazy. The Fascist seizure of the second edition of La mascherata in , forced him to write under a pseudonym. That same year, he married the novelist Elsa Morante , whom he had met in They lived in Capri , where he wrote Agostino. He began collaborating with Corrado Alvaro, writing for important newspapers such as Il Mondo and Il Corriere della Sera , the latter publishing his writing until his death.
His criticism is collected in the volume Al Cinema At the Cinema, La noia and later life[ edit ] In , Moravia published La Noia Boredom or The Empty Canvas , the story of the troubled sexual relationship between a young, rich painter striving to find sense in his life and an easygoing girl in Rome.
Becoming known as one of his most famous novels, it won the Viareggio Prize. An adaptation was filmed by Damiano Damiani in In , Moravia and Elsa Morante parted; he went to live with the young writer Dacia Maraini and concentrated on theatre.
In Moravia visited China, Japan and Korea. In he published the novel Io e lui I and He or The Two of Us about a screenwriter, his independent penis and the situations to which he thrusts them and the essay Poesia e romanzo Poetry and Novel. The short story collection, La Cosa e altri racconti The Thing and Other Stories , was dedicated to Carmen Llera, his new companion forty-five years his junior , whom he married in In he won the title of European Personality. Moravia was a perennial contender to the Nobel Prize in Literature , having been nominated 13 times between and Themes and literary style[ edit ] Moral aridity, the hypocrisy of contemporary life and the inability of people to find happiness in traditional ways such as love and marriage are the regnant themes in the works of Alberto Moravia.
Political themes are often present: an example is La Romana The Woman of Rome, , the story of a prostitute entangled with the Fascist regime and with a network of conspirators.
The extreme sexual realism in La noia The Empty Canvas, introduced the psychologically experimental works of the s. A complex mood is established by mixing a proposition constituting the description of a single psychological observation mixed with another such proposition. In the later novels, the inner monologue is prominent. La cortigiana stanca Tired Courtesan, trans. Bernard Wall Agostino Agostino, trans.
Beryl de Zoete , Michael F. Beryl de Zoete Luna di miele, sole di fiele Bitter Honeymoon, trans. Frances Frenaye Racconti romani Roman Tales, trans. Angus Davidson Il disprezzo Contempt, trans. Angus Davidson La ciociara Two Women , trans. Angus Davidson , short stories La rivoluzione culturale in Cina.
Angus Davidson La vita interiore Time of Desecration, trans. Angus Davidson Impegno controvoglia A Novel , trans. William Weaver La cosa e altri racconti Erotic Tales, trans.
Start your review of Contempt Write a review Shelves: italy , reviewed , The less one notices happiness, the greater it is. Just imagining being the object of this emotion rolling eyes, an unilateral lip curl on a beloved face, an unilateral lip curl, a sneering or bitter tone in the voice, I shiver at the thought of the chilly grasp on the heart, the sharp pangs of powerlessness and hurt accompanying it. Picture sharing your life space with a person of who you thought he or she was loving you, suddenly experiencing the change of heart, like a cold wind The less one notices happiness, the greater it is. Just imagining being the object of this emotion — rolling eyes, an unilateral lip curl on a beloved face, an unilateral lip curl, a sneering or bitter tone in the voice, I shiver at the thought of the chilly grasp on the heart, the sharp pangs of powerlessness and hurt accompanying it. Riccardo Molteni is a writer day-dreaming of more creative freedom, instead spending all his time writing film scripts on demand to pay the bills and afford the kind of housing he presumes his wife Emilia needs and longs for. Riccardo, initially taking the love of his spouse as self-evident as the air he breathes, gradually seems to end up in a hallucinatory mist of self-deceit and longing blinding him, making his observations and musings unreliable and diffuse, a mental stumbling in the dark. Is he by his exhaustive questioning and analysis of every gesture and expression of his wife unconsciously pushing away Emilia and even driving her into the arms of a another man?
Books by Alberto Moravia
Biografie[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Moravia kwam uit een welgestelde familie. Zijn vader Carlo, die joods was, was van beroep architect en schilder. Alberto was de derde van vier kinderen. De oudste dochters heetten Adriana en Elena en de jongste heette Gastone. School en ziekte[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Moravia slaagde er niet in zich regelmatig met school bezig te houden omdat hij op negenjarige leeftijd werd getroffen door een ernstige vorm van bottuberculose.