FUTUHAT AL MAKKIYYA PDF

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Ibn Arabi is most often characterized in Islamic texts as the originator of this doctrine. However, it is not found in his works. The first to employ this term was Ibn Sabin. Academic study[ edit ] Europe and United States[ edit ] In the 20th century there has been a focus on the Akbariyya School in academic circles and universities. Viewed in a historical context, increased government support for the study of the Muslim world and Islamic languages emerged in the United States after the Second World War where many students were attracted to Islam and religious studies during the s.

The greatest growth in American scholarship on Sufism took place during the s. Seyyed Hossein Nasr and his students and academic disciples have come to play an important role in certain subfields of Sufi studies. These names are both mostly practitioners of Sufism and scholars studying Sufism.

This means that the official teaching itself was set in motion by a great master of the Akbarian school. Not only Sufis but also Ottoman sultans, politicians and intellectuals had been deeply impressed by Ibn Arabi and his disciples and interpreters. Studies on Sufism, especially Akbarian works, were not very common until the first Ph. Turkish scholar Ekrem Demirli translated the work in 18 volumes between and This particular translation was the first complete translation to another language.

There are many Akbarian works in Ottoman Turkish that are yet to be studied by scholars. List of some Akbarian Sufis[ edit ] There have been many Akbarian Sufis, metaphysicians and philosophers. Ibn Arabi never founded a Tarikah , [3] but he created the philosophy of Wahdat al-Wujud. The Sufis listed below were members of different orders, but following the concept of Wahdat al-Wujud. Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi d.

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Ibn Arabi is most often characterized in Islamic texts as the originator of this doctrine. However, it is not found in his works. The first to employ this term was Ibn Sabin. Academic study[ edit ] Europe and United States[ edit ] In the 20th century there has been a focus on the Akbariyya School in academic circles and universities. Viewed in a historical context, increased government support for the study of the Muslim world and Islamic languages emerged in the United States after the Second World War where many students were attracted to Islam and religious studies during the s.

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Futuhat-ul-Makkiyyah - Urdu translation

This time Ibn Arabi was travelling north; first they visited Medina and in they entered Baghdad. It was his first time that he passed through Syria, visiting Aleppo and Damascus. In developing his explanation of the perfect being, Ibn Arabi first discusses the issue of oneness through the metaphor of the mirror. Meaning two things; that since humans are mere reflections of God there can be no distinction or separation between the two and, without God the creatures would be non-existent. When an individual understands that there is no separation between human and God they begin on the path of ultimate oneness. The search within for this reality of oneness causes one to be reunited with God, as well as, improve self-consciousness. This causes the perfect human to be of both divine and earthly origin.

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